Science

How to detect child deafness?

Detecting deafness during the first months of life is essential for your timely attention, says Gonzalo Cervera, president and founder of the Mexican Association for Hearing “Help Us Hear.”

“If a baby is not diagnosed from birth and, if we do not treat it early, it will not have its full potential; it will be limited,” he warns.

On the other hand, if it detects and treats your life promptly, it can be normal.

“A baby born with deafness has to be using hearing aids before the age of six months, and if it is deep it requires a cochlear implant to develop its language normally.

“The longer one takes, the less quality it has in understanding and expressing its voice,” he explains.

A study by the association revealed that children who implant before age 2 have an 85 percent chance that when they enter primary school they will have normal language.

In those implanted between 2 and 4 years, this percentage is reduced to 60 percent; while between 4 and 8 years the percentage drops to 50 percent.

“After 8 years it is no longer possible to acquire language if I did not have it before,” he says.

He says that in the country between 2 and 4 thousand children would be candidates for implants and only about 100 have access due to lack of detection and programs.

The expert also warns that it is also crucial to pay attention to hearing loss due to age, particularly in older adults.

“The more hearing loss, the more the risk of senile dementia. Superficial loss doubles the incidence of senile dementia. As it deepens, the risk can be increased three to five times.”

Be alert

In Mexico, there is no neonatal auditory screen. See a doctor if:

-The baby, from the first months of life, does not smile when he hears his mother’s voice.

-At five months does not respond to your name or recognize words like mom, dad or goodbye.