Rabies is deadly in almost all cases once clinical symptoms appear, learn more about this disease and how to prevent it.
A dog who gets rabies and has not been vaccinated has a high chance of losing his life, the vaccine is the main way to prevent it.
The contagion can occur by bite, scratch or when the saliva of an infected pet comes into contact with a wound on the skin of another dog. Learn more about this condition, what the symptoms are and how it is treated.
1. What is it?
Rabies is a highly risky viral disease that affects the central nervous system of warm-blooded mammals.
It is fatal in almost all cases once clinical symptoms have appeared in both the transmitter and the infected.
A dog that gets it and does not have the rabies vaccine has a high chance of losing its life.
2. How is it transmitted?
In dogs, it is transmitted by a bite, but they can also be acquired by a deep scratch of an animal that has been infected.
3. Symptoms in dogs
Dogs remain infectious 3 to 5 days before clinical symptoms manifest.
According to the National Center for Preventive Programs and Disease Control of the Ministry of Health, if you see in the dog some of these signs, it is likely that he has become sick with rabies:
– Initial sadness, bites everything, aggressiveness for no reason, restlessness
-Photophobia: difficulty in swallowing that determines runoff of saliva in the snout
-Lost look and dilated pupils, wobbly and erratic walking
-Incoordination of hind legs, tremors, prostration, seizures
4. How is it treated?
If you suspect that your dog contracted rabies, examine it to locate possible bites, wounds or scratches on its body.
But remember that the rabies virus can survive on the dog’s skin for up to two hours, so touch it with gloves and avoid direct contact.
There is no treatment for rabies yet. Therefore, you must be very attentive when a dog is bitten by another animal and take it with the veterinarian.
If you believe or know that the bite was caused by another animal with rabies when the pet is vaccinated it will be given revaccination and will be kept under observation for a couple of days, which will be determined by the veterinarian who attends it.
If the dog is not vaccinated it should be locked in quarantine, if it shows no symptoms of the disease, it will be vaccinated one month before releasing it. If it is verified that it is infected, it will be necessary to sleep it.
5. Washing the wound helps
Immediate and thorough washing of the wound with soap and water after contact with a suspicious animal is essential.
However, the pet needs to receive immediate attention to avoid fatal consequences.
The rabies vaccine is the best way to prevent your pet from becoming infected.
This vaccine is applied, at the month of birth, then at three months and then every year.
7. How does it affect humans?
According to the World Organization for Animal Health, rabies causes the death of about 70 thousand people a year and more than 95 percent of cases are due to dog bites.
The first manifestations of the disease can be fever, pain, numbness, itching or burning at the site of the wound.
The disease itself can manifest itself in two ways: paralytic or furious.
When it is furious rage it is distinguished by symptoms such as fear of water, delirium, agitation, discomfort in the throat, difficulty swallowing fluids and saliva itself, vomiting, seizures, and coma.
Paralytic rabies manifests with paralysis, decreased voice volume, stiff neck, headache, confusion, and coma.
Although there is no effective treatment against this disease, especially when neurological manifestations have been detected, it can be combated with the application of a vaccine from the moment the bite occurs and infection is suspected.
It should be mentioned that in 2014 it was declared that the transmission of rabies in humans was eradicated from Mexico since 2005 there was not a single case of human rabies.
8. It is not exclusive to dogs
Dogs and cats are the main carriers of rabies, but they are not the only ones.
Other warm-blooded animals such as raccoons (pictured) foxes and bats can also be spread.