Science

Learn more about the obsessive-compulsive disorder is known as OCD

What are the symptoms and treatments for this mental illness?

I am super OCD “or” a little OCD “are expressions that have gradually been integrated into the lexicon of young adults, commonly to describe fixations by order or cleanliness.

Although obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), or by its acronym in English OCD, if associated with these characteristics, it is much more than that.

Self-diagnosis with OCD or OCD to describe a personality trait is to simplify the disorder as a choice of behaviors, rather than a condition that is disabling.

OCD, for example, usually focuses on certain issues, such as a fear of becoming contaminated with germs. To relieve the fear of contamination, the person may wash their hands compulsively until they are sore and cracked, says the Mayo Clinic.

What is behind this disorder and what does it mean?

He then learns more about this mental illness and demystifies its meaning.

What is it and what is not?

The obsessive-compulsive disorder is based on a pathological fear that represents a threat to the person suffering from it.

In response, the person resorts to a series of repetitive behaviors or thoughts that are performed to counteract that fear.

According to Francisco Rodríguez Lara, a psychiatrist at the UANL and director of the Brief Therapy Center, there are three types of rituals: the mercy seat, the preventive ones, and the reparatory ones.

The first two are future-oriented and seek to control whether something happens or not.

“The person does them just to get rid of their fear,” explains the psychiatrist, “what he does not realize is that the more he performs the rituals trying to free himself from his fear, the repeated rituals he feels the need to carry out they become a hostage of their fear. “

What begins with a “rational” fear can trigger “irrational” behaviors once a compulsion is established that the person can distinguish as absurd, but cannot stop.

OCD is part of the family of anxiety disorders, whose other manifestations may be: panic attacks, agoraphobia, hypochondriac phobias such as hypochondria or pathophobia, pathological doubt, distress disorder or generalized anxiety disorder.

In this way, although all people with OCD have anxiety, not all people with anxiety have OCD.

TOC signals

The manifestations of OCD are varied and not exclusive with conditions to cleanliness and order.

The rituals can be: perceivable as performing actions in a certain sequence that has acquired a meaning, or imperceptible, such as counting mentally or repeating a certain word.

Other compulsions can be triggered for example if a person does not get up at the right time or performs the same sequence that brought him luck one day, from clothing to behavior to which he has attributed a meaning.

These compulsions can trigger problems in the workplace, academia or their social interactions.

They are so disabling that complying with a compulsion can take several hours of the day.

If we try to move schedules, move structures, the order in who have certain objects, we tend to see them as people who have hobbies, “says Rodriguez.

Also, patients with obsessive-compulsive disorders may develop in response to the loss of their routine panic attacks or frustration that generates anger.

“The patient is not psychotic or is becoming psychotic, the person performs the acts repetitively, not because of a joke but because he has a fear,” emphasizes the professional.

The difference between someone suffering from OCD and a person who is simply orderly lies in the degree of clinical discomfort that not cleaning or accommodating can produce.